JURNAL UMUM

 journal (through French from Latin diurnalis, daily) has several related meanings:

  • a daily record of events or business; a private journal is usually referred to as a diary
  • newspaper or other periodical, in the literal sense of one published each day
  • many publications issued at stated intervals, such as magazines, or scholarly journals, academic journals, or the record of the transactions of a society, are often called journals.[1] Although journal is sometimes used as a synonym for "magazine", in academic use, a journal refers to a serious, scholarly publication that is peer-reviewed. A non-scholarly magazine written for an educated audience about an industry or an area of professional activity is usually called a professional magazine.[citation needed]

The word "journalist", for one whose business is writing for the public press and nowadays also other media, has been in use since the end of the 17th century.